Jack Connors, Jr.
Co-Founder & Chairman, Camp Harbor View
Jack Connors, Jr. is a founding partner of Hill, Holliday, Connors, Cosmopulos, Inc., a full-service marketing communications company. Under his leadership, Hill, Holliday evolved from a one-room shop, founded in 1968, to one of the top 20 advertising firms in the United States.
Early in his career, he became interested and active in the philanthropic life of the city of Boston, serving on boards and leading civic campaigns. In fact, throughout Greater Boston, Jack Connors is known for these efforts as well as for his business acumen. Boston Magazine named him one of the most powerful people in Boston, and he’s been a major force behind initiatives such as The Campaign for Catholic Schools, and The Edward M. Kennedy Institute.
As an articulate advocate for Boston’s world-class hospitals, Jack served as Chairman of the Board of Directors of Partners HealthCare System for 16 years and became Chairman Emeritus in July 2012. He has served on the Boston College Board of Trustees for over 30 years and was Chair of that board for two terms. He is a member of the Board of Directors of Partners-In-Health, the HomeBase Program, the Board of Fellows at Harvard Medical School, and Board of Dean’s Advisors for the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health.
Camp Harbor View is arguably the charity that is closest to Jack’s heart. When the late Mayor Thomas Menino asked for his help in identifying a solution for the problem of unattended children and teens experiencing boredom and violence during the summer months, Jack proposed that he raise enough money to build a summer camp on Long Island in Boston Harbor, and Camp Harbor View was born.
Born in Boston, Jack is a graduate of Boston College and resides in Brookline,
Massachusetts. He and his wife, Eileen, have four children and thirteen grandchildren.
Founder & Principal, Victress Capital, LLC
Lori Cashman is the founder and principal investor of Victress Capital, LLC, a boutique venture capital firm focused on investing in early stage companies with tenacious and driven female founders.
In her 20+ years of investing experience, Lori has led the growth of early to late-stage companies. Prior to this, Lori co- founded Lineage Capital, LLC, a Boston-based middle market private equity firm that partners with management and founders to help them realize accelerated growth and value creation and align equity interests with their management teams. Lori is a member of the Board of Visitors for Duke University’s Sanford School of Public Policy, a trustee for Derby Academy, a member of the One Love Boston Regional Leadership Board and the Boston Children’s Hospital’s Developmental Medicine Division’s Philanthropic Advisory Board. She resides in Hingham, MA with her husband and five children.
John Connors, III
Founder/CEO, Boathouse, Inc.
John grew up in the advertising business. He started his career in 1989 at Hill Holliday working for his father, Jack Connors, and remained until its sale in 1998. Soon after, John left to work for McCann-Erickson World Group as CEO of Zentropy Partners, where he led the roll-up of 13 separate Internet service businesses across six countries.
In 2001, after working at the biggest agency in New England and then the biggest agency in the world…John decided to start his own agency. Boathouse is an athletic-minded, team-oriented culture focused on ROI and business building. Clients include blue-chip brands such as Eversource, Lincoln Financial, Steward Health Care, Bose and Cushman & Wakefield.
Managing Principal, KPMG LLP
Darren is the Managing Principal for KPMG’s Boston major market which includes New England and upstate New York. He is responsible for overseeing the delivery of high quality client service, development of marketplace strategy, attracting and retaining talent and promoting diversity and inclusion, and serving as the senior representative of the firm in the marketplace and community.
Darren has over 30 years of experience and has worked for a highly select client base of major financial institutions throughout the U.S. and the world. He serves as Lead Partner for two of KPMG’s largest financial services clients.
Darren is very active in the charitable and civic community and serves on the following Boards of Directors:
Greater Boston Chamber of Commerce
Boston Partners in Education
Citi Performing Arts Center
Darren received his MBA from the Zicklin School of Business, Baruch College (CUNY), and his Bachelor’s Degree from Suffolk University Boston.
Vice President for Community Health, Partners HealthCare
Matt Fishman became Director of Community Benefit Programs for Partners in 1994. In 2005, he became Vice President for Community Health. His work focuses on improving systems of care for low income and uninsured patients; improving state payments for health services; participating actively in statewide efforts to reform the Medicaid program and to provide affordable coverage for the uninsured through the state’s health care reform legislation. He also leads Partners’s efforts to collaborate with community health centers and other community-based organizations to make measurable progress on tough public health problems (including racial disparities, cancer, alcohol and substance abuse among young people, infant mortality, domestic violence, and immigrant health) in the urban communities the Partners system serves. Workforce development initiatives, in collaboration with the Partners hospitals, are another important element of his work. These initiatives focus on providing lower wage workers and community residents with options for moving up the health care career ladder through additional education and training.
Previously, Mr. Fishman worked at Brigham and Women’s Hospital (BWH). As a Deland Fellow, he was a key participant in designing and implementing new efforts to respond to rising infant mortality rates in Boston. To carry out the hospital’s commitments, he established and became the first Director of BWH’s Center for Perinatal and Family Health (now the Office for Women, Family, and Community Programs). At the same time, he was the Operations Director for BWH’s Emergency Department (ED) for three years. He led efforts to improve ED patient satisfaction by improving ED systems and ED collaboration with inpatient units and other hospital departments.
Mr. Fishman began his career in state government. He served as Budget Director for the Massachusetts Department of Public Welfare and then as Assistant Secretary of Human Services during the second and third terms of Governor Michael Dukakis. He helped to develop and obtain legislative financing for what became a nationally recognized job training, employment, and child care program for women on public assistance, and he played a major role in the first effort to design and finance a statewide universal health coverage system. He also led efforts to improve services for the elderly, expand substance abuse and HIV/AIDS treatment, and convert underutilized hospitals to other uses.
Mr. Fishman serves on the Board of the Institute for Community Health (a collaboration of Cambridge Health Alliance, Mt. Auburn Hospital, MGH, and Partners). He is a graduate of Harvard College.
Christopher E. Goode
Senior Director of Government & Community Affairs, Indigo Ag
Christopher E. Goode is Senior Director of Government & Community Affairs at Indigo Ag, a biotech agriculture start-up in Boston that is dedicated to harnessing nature to help farmers sustainably feed the planet.
Previously, Goode was Senior Vice President & Chief Public Affairs Officer at EMC Corporation, the global leader in information technology. Goode was responsible for managing the interests of EMC on various state, federal and global public policy issues of importance to EMC’s competitiveness and growth. In addition, Goode also led EMC’s Office of Global Community Involvement, where he oversaw EMC’s philanthropic support for education reform, digital heritage preservation projects, and other local and global philanthropic efforts.
During his twenty years in the public policy field, Goode was previously the Director of Public Policy at the Massachusetts Business Roundtable, an organization of eighty of Massachusetts’ leading chief executives, where he led the Roundtable’s efforts on major issues of long term importance to Massachusetts, ranging from education reform to transportation infrastructure improvement. Previously to that, Goode served as Director of State Relations at Boston University, where he led initiatives on real estate development, state scholarship aid, the Boston University/Chelsea Schools Partnership, and other issues.
Examples of Goode’s public policy and philanthropic responsibilities include:
• John F. Kennedy Library Foundation, Board of Directors
• Camp Harbor View, Boston, MA, Board of Directors
• Associated Industries of Massachusetts, Executive Committee, Board of Directors
• Technology CEO Council, Washington, DC, Policy Committee
• The New England Council, Board of Directors
• Greater Boston Chamber of Commerce, Board of Directors
• Massachusetts Development Finance Agency, Board of Directors (gubernatorial appointment) (former)
• The Business Roundtable Education Task Force, Washington, DC, Chairman, Coordinating Committee (former)
• Dorchester Boys & Girls Club, Dorchester, MA, Board of Directors (former)
• Information Technology Industry Council, Washington, DC, Board of Directors (former)
Born in Dorchester, Massachusetts, Goode graduated from the Boston Latin School and Holy Cross College, and lives in Hingham with his wife and three children.
Chief Executive Officer, Dunkin’ Brands
Dave Hoffmann is Chief Executive Officer for Dunkin’ Brands and President of Dunkin’ Donuts U.S. Dave joined Dunkin’ Brands in October 2016 as President, Dunkin’ Donuts U.S., overseeing all operations, marketing and development for the brand domestically. He was appointed to CEO in July 2018, where his responsibilities expanded to include Baskin Robbins as well as the international businesses of both Dunkin’ Donuts and Baskin Robbins.
Prior to joining Dunkin’ Brands, Dave spent 22 years with McDonald’s Corporation, where he most recently served as President, High Growth Markets, an area that included China, South Korea, Russia and several additional European markets. From 2009 to 2015, he held various leadership roles as part of McDonald’s Asia Pacific Middle East Africa (APMEA), serving as President beginning in 2012 and overseeing the operations of 8,900 restaurants across 37 countries.
Dave began his career with McDonald’s as a crew member while in high school and later rejoined the company, post MBA, through its management training program. Prior to rejoining McDonald’s, he worked for Arthur Andersen.
Having lived or worked in over 40 different markets around the world, Dave has always been passionate about giving back to his local communities. He currently is actively involved in the Dunkin’ Brands Joy in Childhood Foundation, which partners with children’s hospitals, food banks, and nonprofit organizations across the country to bring joy to kids who need it most.
Dave earned a B.S. in accounting from Indiana University and an MBA from the University of Chicago.
Melissa Weiner Janfaza
Melissa Weiner Janfaza and her husband, Andy, have four children, Rachel, Zachary, Noah, and Rebecca and reside in Weston, MA. Before becoming a full-time mom, Melissa was a licensed clinical social worker (LCSW) with The New England Home for Little Wanderers, and worked in their group home for children ages eight to thirteen. Melissa has been active as a volunteer with Jewish Family and Childrens Service since 1997.
She is currently chair of their Center for Early Relationship Support Committee. Melissa joined the Board of Directors for the Brigham and Women’s Hospital in 2013, and serves as one of their current campaign co- chairs. Melissa also serves on the Board of Directors for The Boys and Girls Clubs of Boston (2014) and currently serves as a co-chair for their women’s philanthropy group; The Artemis Circle. Melissa has her BS in Psychology and MSW from Boston University.
Managing Director, Kelly Family Foundation
Sonja Kelly is the Managing Director of the Kelly Family Foundation. She has a B.A. from Bucknell University and an M.B.A. from the Boston College Caroll School. After a career in consulting and commercial banking she took time off to raise her three children. She has been the Managing Director of the Kelly Family Foundation since 2011. The Kelly Family Foundation supports organizations which focus on the education and mentoring of young people and giving them the tools to succeed.
She served on the Whittier Street Health Center Foundation Board, with responsibilities including serving on the Annual Roast committee, serving as a member of Women for Whittier and Chairing the Board for a year. She currently is on the Boards of Camp Harbor View and Mass Mentoring Partnership, where she is the Membership Chair. She also serves on the Storybook Ball Committee for MassGeneral Hospital for Children.
President & CEO, Boston Red Sox
Sam Kennedy became President of the Boston Red Sox on October 16, 2015, succeeding President/CEO emeritus Larry Lucchino. As President, Kennedy has oversight over the club and its operations. In addition to his Red Sox role, Kennedy is also President of Fenway Sports Management (FSM).
A native of Brookline, MA who grew up within walking distance of Fenway Park, Kennedy, 42, joined the Red Sox as Vice President of Corporate Partnerships in 2002. He was among the first wave of executives the current ownership group brought to Boston from the San Diego Padres, where Kennedy had worked the previous six years. Kennedy immediately distinguished himself, playing a key role in the revitalization of the Red Sox brand and the dramatic growth of the team’s financial base through the creation of new revenue streams. Kennedy was also intimately involved in the preservation and transformation of Fenway Park and the transformation of the ballpark experience.
Prior to assuming the role of club President, Kennedy served as Executive Vice President/Chief Operating Officer from September 2009 to October 2015. While in that post, he oversaw the team’s general business matters including ticketing (sales, operations and service), corporate sponsorship, broadcasting, marketing, social media, advertising, Fenway Enterprises (non-baseball activities at Fenway Park), and all client services.
One of Kennedy’s proudest accomplishments is the wide range of fans that have experienced Fenway Park’s unique charm due to the expansion of entertainment offerings at the ballpark including concerts, ice hockey games, and soccer matches featuring the iconic Liverpool Football Club. The 2015 Winter Season at Fenway Park epitomized the possibilities for the 104 year old ballpark. The “off-season” started in November when Fenway Park played host to the “Shamrock Series,” a college football game between the University of Notre Dame and Boston College and culminated in February with “Big Air,” a ski and snowboarding spectacle featuring a 140-foot ramp that loomed high above the ballpark’s light towers. In between those events, the Winter Season featured four traditional Thanksgiving High School Football games and brought the Irish sport of hurling to Fenway for the first time in over 60 years.
In 2004, Kennedy helped create Fenway Sports Management, formerly Fenway Sports Group, which has emerged as one of the most well respected international sports sales and representation agencies in its 11-year history. FSM is one of the portfolio of companies owned by Fenway Sports Group, which includes the Boston Red Sox, Liverpool Football Club (LFC), an 80% stake in the New England Sports Network (NESN) and 50% of Roush Fenway Racing (RFR). As FSM’s President, Kennedy oversees all aspects of the operations featuring a client roster that includes the Red Sox, LFC, NESN, RFR, Boston College, Major League Baseball Advanced Media, the Deutsche Bank Championship, and NBA superstar LeBron James.
Kennedy, who was classmates at Brookline High School with former Red Sox General Manager and current Chicago Cubs President of Baseball Operations Theo Epstein, began his career in baseball in 1993, when he was an intern in the ticket department of the New York Yankees. In 1996, he was hired by his mentor, Larry Lucchino, at the San Diego Padres. As the Padres Executive Director/Corporate Partnerships and Broadcasting, he tripled sponsorship revenues in a six-year span. Kennedy also played an integral role in securing financing and developing the sales and marketing strategy for Petco Park, the Padres’ downtown ballpark.
In October 2007, Kennedy was named one of the Boston Business Journal’s 40 under 40 Award recipients, which recognizes 40 of Boston’s best and brightest young professionals. In 2008, 2010, and 2013, Kennedy was selected as one of Sports Business Journal’s Forty under 40 Award recipients and inducted into the publication’s Hall of Fame. This national honor placed him in the company of the most influential and creative young professionals in the business of sports.
A former captain of the baseball team at Brookline High and member of the ice hockey team, Kennedy graduated from Trinity College (CT) in 1995. Kennedy currently serves on the board of the Wellesley Youth Hockey Association and The Greater Boston Chamber of Commerce. Kennedy also has served as a volunteer hockey coach for the past eight years.
Kennedy and his wife of 17 years, Amanda, reside in Wellesley, MA, with their 12-year-old son, Jimmy, and 11-year-old daughter, Ally.
Nicholas President and CEO, Boys & Girls Clubs of Boston
Josh Kraft, Nicholas President and CEO, is in his 27th year of serving youth at Boys & Girls Clubs of Boston. Prior to accepting his current role in 2008, he was the Founding Executive Director of BGCB’s Gerald and Darlene Jordan Club in Chelsea.
For 15 years, he led the after-school program from the basement of a public housing development, until the current state-of-the-art building could be built. Josh serves on the boards of Beaver Country Day School, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, as well as the Harvard Pilgrim Health Care Foundation and is an Overseer for Lasell College. He received his Bachelor’s from Williams College, and his Master’s in Education and Social policy from the Harvard Graduate School of Education.
Chief of Staff, Connors Family Office
President, Camp Harbor View
Sharon McNally is the President of Camp Harbor View. She is also the Chief of Staff in the Connors Family Office, where she supports the philanthropic, political and business activities of Jack Connors, Jr., founder and former CEO of Hill Holliday and Chairman Emeritus of Partners HealthCare.
Sharon is a past president and member of the Board of Directors of the Big Sister Association of Greater Boston; the Vice-Chair of the Board of Directors of the Schwartz Center for Compassionate Healthcare; a member of the Board of Directors of Camp Harbor View; a member of the Board of Overseers of the Boston Landmarks Orchestra; and a member of the RIZE Chairman’s Council.
Sharon earned a B.A.in Government at Colby College. A lifelong Boston-area resident, she and her husband live in Boston and have three grown children and six grandchildren.
Managing Principal, Income Research Management
Bill joined IR+M in September 1994 and is one of the three Managing Principals. He serves as the Director of the Investment Team and is responsible for investment results and all investment activity. Bill is a member of the Management and Executive Committees and participates in the Product, Best Execution, and Investment Governance Committees.
Prior to IR+M, Bill was a Vice President at Wellington Management Company, LLP. Before joining Wellington in 1989, Bill worked at The Vanguard Group and in Morgan Stanley’s Fixed Income Division.
Bill has BA in Political Science from Amherst College (1984) and an MBA from The Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania (1989).
President and Chief Creative Officer, Rafanelli Events
Bryan Rafanelli serves as president and chief creative officer of Rafanelli Events, where he works hand-in-hand with his clients to transform their visions into unforgettable experiences. Known best for his customized approach to every project, Rafanelli marries a unique and exquisite sense of style with careful attention to detail to ensure each event is truly exceptional.
Rafanelli has become synonymous with perfection, making him the go-to event planner for many of the nation’s most exclusive and high profile events and celebrations. Over the past 20 years, Rafanelli Events has produced more than 2,000 events in 50 cities, 23 states, and 9 countries. These range in size from 15 to 15,000 attendees.
Notably, Rafanelli and his team led the concept, design and strategic planning of Chelsea Clinton’s wedding to Marc Mezvinsky in 2010, for Matt Damon and Luciana Barrosso’s vow renewal ceremony in St. Lucia in 2013 (presided over by Jimmy Kimmel), and for the nuptials of Jesse Tyler Ferguson and Justin Mikita in 2013. Most recently, Rafanelli Events planned actress Allison Williams and Ricky Van Veen’s wedding.
Rafanelli’s expertise extends to private events, corporate functions and non-profit fundraisers for high profile clients such as President Barack Obama and First Lady Michelle Obama at the White House, Arianna Huffington, the Clinton Family, Boston Red Sox, Louis Vuitton, Breast Cancer Research Foundation, Dana-Farber and Massachusetts General Hospital for Children, to name a few.
Focused on presenting each client’s individual brand, Rafanelli has built a business around his personal philosophy — that every event is a unique creative challenge deserving of a one-of-a-kind approach. To achieve this, his focus lies in creating a company with core expertise beyond design and party planning. His team consists of strategic thinkers who listen to, respect and understand some of the most talented people, smartest companies and strongest brands in the world. Rafanelli experiences are truly innovative, delivering clients their version of perfection while providing the highest level of service, personalization and thoughtfulness.
Rafanelli’s work has caught the attention of today’s leading media, highlighting his unique approach, from planning a flawless event to his careful attention to discretion and respect for his clients’ privacy. He was named one of Martha Stewart Weddings’ 2015 Top Wedding planners and one of the World’s Best Event Planners by Departures magazine in 2014. His work has been seen in The New York Times, Wall Street Journal, The Washington Post, People, New York, and on cbsnews.com, vanityfair.com, newyorker.com and more. Rafanelli has also appeared as an industry expert on television programs including: “The
Martha Stewart Show,” ABC’s “Good Morning America”, NBC’s “The Today Show” and as a regular contributor on New England Cable News’ “Morning Show.”
Rafanelli Events was founded in 1996. Today, the company operates as a full-service event design, strategy, planning and production company with more than 100 events annually in venues and cities around the world. Founded in Boston, Rafanelli Events also has offices in New York City and Palm Beach.
Rafanelli’s philanthropic work is as integral to him as his “day job.” He serves on the regional board of the US Fund for UNICEF, on the board of directors of Camp Harbor View, Boys & Girls Club of Boston, and Huntington Theatre and on the Advisory Committee of Mass General Hospital for Children.
Girard R. Sargent
President, Citizens Bank
Jerry is president of Citizens Bank, Massachusetts and head of the Northeast Region that includes New England and New York State, leads the state president organization and co-chairs the Commercial Board of Advisors. His background spans the entire commercial banking business and includes leading the bank’s middle market business platform across its 11-state footprint, the mid-corporate business for Northeast and heading the community giving board for New England. Jerry is also a principal in Citizens Capital Markets, Inc., the firm’s broker dealer.
He has long held an interest in improving the vitality of the Massachusetts economy as a resident and business leader. Today Jerry serves on the executive committee of the Greater Boston Chamber of Commerce, chairing its Membership Committee. In 2011 Governor Deval Patrick appointed him to the Massachusetts Economic Development Planning Council. He was named by the Boston Business Journal as one of the 50 most influential leaders in Boston. Jerry formerly served as the chairman of MassEcon as well as board members of the Massachusetts Taxpayers Association, Massachusetts Business Roundtable and Boston Financial Services Leadership Council.
He stays civically active by serving on the board of overseers of the Boys and Girls Clubs of Boston. He was a former member of the board of trustees of the New England Baptist Hospital, board member of United Way of Massachusetts Bay, and board of overseers of the Boston Children’s Hospital.
Jerry is a graduate of Bowdoin College with a degree in economics and holds securities licenses 24, 63 and 79.
President & Chief Operating Officer, Beacon Capital Partners
Mr. Seigel is President and Chief Operating Officer of Beacon Capital Partners and is based in Boston. He joined Beacon in 2001. Previously, Mr. Seigel was Managing Director of Latona Associates, Inc., a private merchant bank. Prior to that Mr. Seigel spent six years as President and Director of Energy Capital Partners, a company he founded that specialized in financing energy projects throughout the US. He is a member of The Real Estate Roundtable, and also serves on the Board of Directors of The Edward M. Kennedy Institute for The United State Senate and the Board of Directors of Camp Harbor View.
Orlando C. Watkins
Vice President for Program, Boston Foundation
Orlando C. Watkins is Vice president for Program at the Boston Foundation, where he oversees a discretionary grants fund of roughly $16 million and leads a Program Department staff of two dozen people who work across five core grant-making impact areas – Education, Health and Wellness, Jobs and Economic Development, Neighborhoods and Housing, and Arts and Culture – and two crosscutting strategy areas, Nonprofit Effectiveness and Grassroots.
Formerly Executive Vice President at Match Education, Orlando has over 20 years of experience developing and strengthening educational and community-based organizations. Prior to joining Match, Orlando held the position of Senior Director at the Boston Foundation, with responsibility for developing philanthropic partnerships with like-minded foundations and donors who are interested in strengthening communities through data driven, high impact initiatives. Before joining the Boston Foundation, Orlando served as Chief Development Officer for BELL, a leading national education organization. Prior to BELL, he spent several years as Vice President of Programs for the Greater New Orleans Foundation, including the years immediately following Hurricane Katrina.
Orlando’s career has also included significant leadership roles in government and in higher education including a Governor Appointment as Executive Director of the Louisiana Serve Commission.
Orlando started his career as a social entrepreneur in Atlanta, GA where he co-founded FreeForm Academy, a private school for young children and served as founding Director of the NASA funded Inspiring Careers in Engineering Mathematics and Science at Morehouse College. Orlando has served on numerous boards including the Urban League of Greater New Orleans, New Schools for New Orleans, City Year Louisiana, the Institute for the Study of Race and Poverty at Tulane University, the International Center for Nonprofit Leadership at the University of New Orleans, Associated Grant Makers and MATCH Education/Charter Schools. Orlando is a graduate of Morehouse College and a recipient of the prestigious Echoing Green fellowship.
Davis Weinstock, former Chairman Emeritus of Mercury Clark & Weinstock, counsels leaders, executives, and complex multinational organizations with respect to strategies relating to positioning and relationships.
Mr. Weinstock’s clients have included Harvard Graduate School of Business, Yale University, New York Stock Exchange, Les Bourses, the U.S. Securities & Exchange Commission, and Federal Trade Commission. The roster of private sector clients includes the Chief Executive Officers of many large corporations, including Microsoft, Renault-Nissan, Kering, Groupe Artemis, Ford Motor, Walt Disney, Gillette, Eli Lilly, Conde’ Nast, Goldman Sachs, Volkswagen Group, Four Seasons, JPMorgan Chase, Harley-Davidson, Ralph Lauren and CBS. Additional work as a writer /producer has comprised numerous series and programs for three national networks and the BBC, three plays presented in New York, two feature films, and articles in national publications.
In volunteer activities, Mr. Weinstock served as Chairman of the Board for Beyond Conflict, a global organization offering a powerful new approach to conflict resolution, reconciliation and positive social change. Mr. Weinstock serves on the boards of Nation Institute, W. E. B. Du Bois Institute at Harvard University, PEN America Center, The Flea Theater, and Protect Our Defenders. He also has chaired and served on the boards of Hopkins School, Bank Street College, CORO, Children’s Defense Fund, and New Visions For Public Schools.
Davis Weinstock was educated at Harvard College and London School of Economics. He is married to the writer Elizabeth Hawes. They have three children and live in Martha’s Vineyard and New York City.